Qualidade do processamento sensorial e vinculação infantil

Antónia Oliveira Costa, Pedro Lopes dos Santos

Resumo


Estudou-se a relação entre a segurança da vinculação e a qualidade do processamento sensorial na primeira infância. Para o efeito, seleccionou-se uma amostra normativa de 40 díades mãe-bebé, com crianças entre os 11 e os 18 meses. Avaliou-se a qualidade da vinculação, observando a díade no procedimento Situação Estranha. Classificaram-se 17 (42,5%) das crianças no grupo de vinculação segura, sendo que as restantes 23 (57,5%) revelaram uma vinculação não segura.
A qualidade do processamento sensorial avaliou-se através do Teste de Funções Sensoriais. Constatou-se que a segurança da vinculação infantil associava-se a um score agregando quatro
factores ambientais (nível sócio-económico dos pais; existência de internamentos hospitalares; coeficiente de número de irmãos; local onde a criança passa o dia). O Teste de Funções Sensoriais não apresentou valor prognóstico relativamente ao tipo de vinculação. Porém, a boa qualidade no processamento da informação sensorial parece constituir um factor de resiliência no desenvolvimento da vinculação.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25757/invep.v1i1.57

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