Processos disfuncionais no trabalho de grupo e perceções de justiça dos estudantes: um estudo de caso exploratório no ensino superior

Jorge Ávila de Lima

Resumo


Os contributos desiguais e outras características disfuncionais dos grupos de estudantes são um fenómeno relativamente bem investigado. No entanto, ainda sabemos pouco sobre como os alunos vivenciam estas situações e como isso afeta a sua perceção da justiça dos sistemas que os docentes usam para avaliar o seu trabalho. Neste artigo, apresenta-se e discute-se os resultados de um estudo de caso que abordou estas questões. A investigação concentrou-se numa turma de métodos de pesquisa sociológica, no ensino superior, em que os alunos formaram grupos de trabalho para desenvolverem projetos de pesquisa ao longo de um semestre. Os dados foram recolhidos por meio de entrevistas qualitativas semiestruturadas e sujeitos a uma análise de conteúdo. Os resultados indicam que embora a maioria dos estudantes tenha experienciado situações disfuncionais nos seus grupos, especialmente no que diz respeito a contributos desiguais dos respetivos membros, rejeitou, mesmo assim, a adoção de um sistema de avaliação baseado no princípio da equidade, através da prestação de contas individual. Interpretamos estes resultados à luz das normas relacionais que governam a vida social dos grupos de estudantes.SoS

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25757/invep.v11i1.235

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